Solving Simple Equations (3 of 3)

We’ve seen how to solve equations by doing one thing to both sides of an equation. Below are two examples:

ProblemSolution
n + 17 = 100 
Take 17 away from both sides to leave a on the leftn + 17 – 17 = 100 – 17
n + 0 = 83
n = 83
ProblemSolution
6y = 54 
Divide both sides by 66y ÷ 6 = 54 ÷ 6
y = 9

Sometimes there are problems that need slightly more complicated equations. For example, let’s say you want to buy a coat that costs $100. You have $40. Your mum has told you that she will match whatever amount of money you can save to help you buy the coat. How much do you need to save?

Amount you need to savelet’s call it ‘n’
Amount you’ll have after you have saved and your mum has matched
(or doubled) it.
2 x n (or 2n) 
Amount you already have40
Amount you need100
Putting it altogether2n + 40 = 100

To solve equations like 2n + 40 = 100 we need to “get rid of” two things: the +40 and the x2. We need to do two things and the order we do them in is important. The examples below show what we can do to solve these types of equations:

2n + 40 = 100
Step 1: Subtract 40 from both sides2n + 40 – 40 = 100 – 40
 2n = 60
Step 2: Divide both sides by 22n ÷ 2 = 60 ÷ 2
 n = 30

It is very important that we solve equations like the ones on this page by doing the addition or subtraction before doing the division or multiplication.

3n – 7 = 17
Step 1: Add 7 to both sides3n – 7 + 7 = 17 + 7
 3n = 24
Step 2: Divide both sides by 33n ÷ 3 = 24 ÷ 3
 n = 8
a/7 + 8 = 9
Step 1: Subtract 8 from both sidesa/7 + 8 – 8 = 9 – 8
 a/7 = 1
Step 2: Multiply both sides by 7a/7 x 7 = 1 x 7
 a = 7
b/2 – 16 = 40
Step 1: Add 16 to both sidesb/2– 16 + 16 = 40 + 162
 b/2= 562
Step 2: Multiply both sides by 2b/2 x 2 = 56 x 22
 b = 112

Print the worksheets below to help practice solving equations using two steps.

The four worksheets above are also included here with more solving equations worksheets.