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Multiplication Tables and Charts

Definition

A multiplication table is a list of multiples of a number. In other words, it shows the product of one number with other numbers. So, how do we get a multiplication table? We can obtain a multiplication table by multiplying the given number with whole numbers.

What is multiplication?

The process of finding out the product between two or more numbers is called multiplication. The result thus obtained is called the product. Suppose you buy 6 pens on one day and 6 pens on the next day. Total pens you bought are now 2 times 6 or 6 + 6 = 12.

This can also be written as 2 x 6 = 12

Not the symbol used for multiplication. The symbol (x) is generally used to represent multiplication. Other common symbols that are used for multiplication are the asterisk (*) and dot (.)  

What is a multiplication chart?

A multiplication chart is a table that shows the products of two numbers. Usually, one set of numbers is written on the left column and another set is written as the top row. The products are listed as a rectangular array of numbers.

Let us consider an example.

Below we have a multiplication chart for numbers 1 to 10

How to read a multiplication chart?

The following steps are followed for reading a multiplication chart – 

  1. Choose the first number from the numbers listed in the top-most row and the second number from the left-most column.
  2. Starting from the first number move towards the right and starting from the second number move towards down.  The square where the two numbers meet shows the product of these two numbers. 

Let us understand it through an example.

Suppose we wish to find the product of 6 x 5 using a multiplication chart.

Let us choose 6 from the left most column and 5 from the top most row. Now we will mark their intersection point on the chart. We will have – 

We can see from above that their intersection point on the multiplication chart is 30. Hence, 6 x 5 = 30

Let us now learn the multiplication table from 2 to 20.

Multiplication Table of 2

2 × 1 = 22 × 6 = 12
2 × 2 = 42 × 7 = 14
2 × 3 = 62 × 8 = 16
2 × 4 = 82 × 9 = 18
2 × 5 = 102 × 10 = 20
2 x 11 = 222 x 12 = 24
2 x 13 = 262 x 14 = 28
2 x 15 = 302 x 16 = 32
2 x 17 = 342 x 18 = 36
2 x 19 = 382 x 20 = 40

Multiplication Table of 3

3 × 1 = 33 × 6 = 18
3 × 2 = 63 × 7 = 21
3 × 3 = 93 × 8 = 24
3 × 4 = 123 × 9 = 27
3 × 5 = 153 × 10 = 30
3 x 11 = 333 x 12 = 36
3 x 13 = 393 x 14 = 42
3 x 15 = 453 x 16 = 48
3 x 17 = 513 x 18 = 54
3 x 19 = 573 x 20 = 60

Multiplication Table of 4

4 × 1 = 44 × 6 = 24
4 × 2 = 84 × 7 = 28
4 × 3 = 124 × 8 = 32
4 × 4 = 164 × 9 = 36
4 × 5 = 204 × 10 = 40
4 x 11 = 444 x 12 = 48
4 x 13 = 524 x 14 = 56
4 x 15 = 604 x 16 = 64
4 x 17 = 684 x 18 = 72
4 x 19 = 764 x 20 = 80

Multiplication Table of 5

5 × 1 = 55 × 6 = 30
5 × 2 = 105 × 7 = 35
5 × 3 = 155 × 8 = 40
5 × 4 = 205 × 9 = 45
5 × 5 = 255 × 10 = 50
5 x 11 = 555 x 12 = 60
5 x 13 = 655 x 14 = 70
5 x 15 = 755 x 16 = 80
5 x 17 = 855 x 18 = 90
5 x 19 = 955 x 20 = 100

Multiplication Table of 6

6 × 1 = 66 ×11 = 66
6 × 2 = 126 × 12 = 72
6 × 3 = 186× 13 = 78
6 × 4 = 246 × 14 = 84
6 × 5 = 306 × 15 = 90
6 × 6 = 366 × 16 = 96
6 × 7 = 426 × 17 = 102
6 × 8 = 486× 18 = 108
6 × 9 = 546 × 19 = 114
6 × 10 = 606 × 20 = 120

Multiplication Table of 7

7 × 1 = 77 × 6 = 42
7 × 2 = 147 × 7 = 49
7 × 3 = 217 × 8 = 56
7 × 4 = 287 × 9 = 63
7 × 5 = 357 × 10 = 70
7 X 11 = 777 X 12 = 84
7 X 13 = 917 X 14 = 98
7 X 15 = 1057 X 16 = 112
7 X 17 = 1197 X 18 = 126
7 X 19 = 1337 X 20 = 140

Multiplication Table of 8

8 × 1 = 88 × 6 = 48
8 × 2 = 168 × 7 = 56
8 × 3 = 248 × 8 = 64
8 × 4 = 328 × 9 = 72
8 × 5 = 408 × 10 = 80
8 x 11 = 888 x 12 = 96
8 x 13 = 1048 x 14 = 112
8 x 15 = 1208 x 16 = 128
8 x 17 = 1368 x 18 = 144
8 x 19 = 1528 x 20 = 160

Multiplication Table of 9

9 × 1 = 99 × 6 = 54
9 × 2 = 189 × 7 = 63
9 × 3 = 279 × 8 = 72
9× 4 = 369 × 9 = 81
9 × 5 = 459× 10 = 90
9  x11 = 999 x 12 = 108
9  x13 = 1179  x14 = 126
9 x 15 = 1359 x 16 = 144
9 x 17 = 1539 x 18 = 162
9 x 19 = 1719 x 20 = 180

Multiplication Table of 10

10 × 1 = 1010 × 6 = 60
10 × 2 = 2010 × 7 = 70
10 × 3 = 3010 × 8 = 80
10 × 4 = 4010 × 9 = 90
10 × 5 = 5010 × 10 = 100
10  x 11 = 11010  x 12 = 120
10  x 13 = 13010  x 14 = 140
10 x 15 = 15010 x 16 = 160
10 x 17 = 17010 x 18 = 180
10 x 19 = 19010 x 20 = 200

Multiplication Table of 11

11 × 1 = 1111 × 6 = 66
11 × 2 = 2211 × 7 = 77
11 × 3 = 3311 × 8 = 88
11 × 4 = 4411 × 9 = 99
11 × 5 = 5511 × 10 = 110
11  x 11 = 12111 x 12 = 132
11 x 13 = 14311 x 14 = 154
11 x 15 = 16511 x 16 = 176
11 x 17 = 18711 x 18 = 198
11 x 19 = 20911 x 20 = 220

Multiplication Table of 12

2 × 1 = 1212 × 6 = 72
12 × 2 = 2412 × 7 = 84
12 × 3 = 3612 × 8 = 96
12 × 4 = 4812 × 9 = 108
12 × 5 = 6012 × 10 = 120
12 x 11 = 13212 x 12 = 144
12  x 13 = 15612 x 14 = 168
12 x 15 = 18012 x 16 = 192
12 x 17 = 20412 x 18 = 216
12 x 19 = 22812 x 20 = 240

Multiplication Table of 13

13 × 1 = 1313 × 6 = 78
13 × 2 = 2613 × 7 = 91
13 × 3 = 3913 × 8 = 104
13 × 4 = 5213 × 9 = 117
13 × 5 = 6513 × 10 = 130
13 x 11 = 14313 x 12 = 156
13 x 13 = 16913 x 14 = 182
13 x 15 = 19513 x 16 = 208
13 x 17 = 22113 x 18 = 234
13 x 19 = 24713 x 20 = 260

Multiplication Table of 14

14 × 1 = 1414 × 6 = 84
14 × 2 = 2814 × 7 = 98
14 × 3 = 4214 × 8 = 112
14 × 4 = 5614 × 9 = 126
14 × 5 = 7014 × 10 = 140
14 x 11 = 15414 x 12 = 168
14 x 13 = 18214 x 14 = 196
14 x 15 = 21014 x 16 = 224
14 x 17 = 23814 x 18 = 252
14 x 19 = 26614 x 20 = 280

Multiplication Table of 15

15 × 1 = 1515 × 6 = 90
15 × 2 = 3015 × 7 = 105
15 × 3 = 4515 × 8 = 120
15 × 4 = 6015 × 9 = 135
15 × 5 = 7515 × 10 = 150
15 x 11 = 16515 x 12 = 180
15 x 13 = 19515 x 14 = 210
15 x 15 = 22515 x 16 = 240
15 x 17 = 25515 x 18 = 270
15 x 19 = 28515 x 20 = 300

Multiplication Table of 16

16 × 1 = 1616 × 6 = 96
16 × 2 = 3216 × 7 = 112
16 × 3 = 4816 × 8 = 128
16 × 4 = 6416 × 9 = 144
16 × 5 = 8016 × 10 = 160
16 x 11 = 17616 x 12 = 192
16 x 13 = 20816 x 14 = 224
16 x 15 = 24016 x 16 = 256
16 x 17 = 27216 x 18 = 288
16  x 19 = 30416 x 20 = 320

Multiplication Table of 17

7 × 1 = 1717 × 6 = 102
17 × 2 = 3417 × 7 = 119
17 × 3 = 5117 × 8 = 136
17 × 4 = 6817 × 9 = 153
17 × 5 = 8517 × 10 = 170
17 x 11 = 18717 x 12 = 204
17 x 13 = 22117 x 14 = 238
17 x 15 = 25517 x 16 = 272
17 x 17 = 289 17 x 18 = 306
17 x 19 = 32317 x 20 = 340

Multiplication Table of 18

8 × 1 = 1818 × 6 = 108
18 × 2 = 3618 × 7 = 126
18 × 3 = 5418 × 8 = 144
18 × 4 = 7218 × 9 = 162
18 × 5 = 9018 × 10 = 180
18 x 11 = 19818 x 12 = 216
18 x 13 = 23418 x 14 = 252
18 x 15 = 27018 x 16 = 288
18 x 17 = 30618 x 18 = 324
18 x 19 = 34218 x 20 = 360

Multiplication Table of 19

19 × 1 = 1919 × 6 = 114
19 × 2 = 3819 × 7 = 133
19 × 3 = 5719 × 8 = 152
19 × 4 = 7619 × 9 = 171
19 × 5 = 9519 × 10 = 190
19 x 11 = 209 19 x 12 = 228
19 x 13 = 247 19 x 14  = 266
19 x 15 = 28519 x 16 = 304
19 x 17 = 32319 x 18 = 342
19 x 19 = 36119 x 20 = 380

Multiplication Table of 20

20 × 1 = 2020 × 6 = 120
20 × 2 = 4020 × 7 = 140
20 × 3 = 6020 × 8 = 160
20 × 4 = 8020 × 9 = 180
20 × 5 = 10020 × 10 = 200
20 x 11 = 22020 x 12 = 240
20 x 13 = 26020 x 14 = 280
20 x 15 = 30020 x 16 = 320
20 x 17 = 34020 x 18 = 360
20 x 19 = 38020 x 20 = 400

Importance of Multiplication Tables and Charts

Multiplication is the main tool for many forms of maths such as algebra, calculus, equations and other arithmetic operations. So, why is it important to learn multiplication tables? So, is it to increase the speed of calculations only or there are other benefits as well? Let us find out.

Other than helping in faster calculations, there are several benefits of learning mathematical tables, some of which are –

  • Multiplication Tables support the mathematical learning of a person.
  • Learning multiplication tables and charts helps you get a stronghold of the various properties of multiplication.
  • By starting with smaller multiplication tables and charts and gradually building up, we get to learn other multiplication tables more easily.
  • Learning multiplication tables and charts does not only help in solving multiplication problems. They help in improving the efficiency and speed of doing addition, subtraction and division as well.
  • Multiplication tables and charts help in solving real-life applications.
  • Perhaps most importantly, memorising multiplication tables and charts will give you confidence in your own skills.

Key Facts and Summary

  1. A multiplication table is a list of multiples of a number.
  2. A multiplication chart is a table that shows the products of two numbers.

Multiplication Tables (St. Patrick’s Day Themed) Math Worksheets
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