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# Multiplication Tables and Charts

## Definition

A multiplication table is a list of multiples of a number. In other words, it shows the product of one number with other numbers. So, how do we get a multiplication table? We can obtain a multiplication table by multiplying the given number with whole numbers.

## What is multiplication?

The process of finding out the product between two or more numbers is called multiplication. The result thus obtained is called the product. Suppose you buy 6 pens on one day and 6 pens on the next day. Total pens you bought are now 2 times 6 or 6 + 6 = 12.

This can also be written as 2 x 6 = 12

Not the symbol used for multiplication. The symbol (x) is generally used to represent multiplication. Other common symbols that are used for multiplication are the asterisk (*) and dot (.)

## What is a multiplication chart?

A multiplication chart is a table that shows the products of two numbers. Usually, one set of numbers is written on the left column and another set is written as the top row. The products are listed as a rectangular array of numbers.

Let us consider an example.

Below we have a multiplication chart for numbers 1 to 10

## How to read a multiplication chart?

The following steps are followed for reading a multiplication chart –

1. Choose the first number from the numbers listed in the top-most row and the second number from the left-most column.
2. Starting from the first number move towards the right and starting from the second number move towards down.  The square where the two numbers meet shows the product of these two numbers.

Let us understand it through an example.

Suppose we wish to find the product of 6 x 5 using a multiplication chart.

Let us choose 6 from the left most column and 5 from the top most row. Now we will mark their intersection point on the chart. We will have –

We can see from above that their intersection point on the multiplication chart is 30. Hence, 6 x 5 = 30

Let us now learn the multiplication table from 2 to 20.

## Importance of Multiplication Tables and Charts

Multiplication is the main tool for many forms of maths such as algebra, calculus, equations and other arithmetic operations. So, why is it important to learn multiplication tables? So, is it to increase the speed of calculations only or there are other benefits as well? Let us find out.

Other than helping in faster calculations, there are several benefits of learning mathematical tables, some of which are –

• Multiplication Tables support the mathematical learning of a person.
• Learning multiplication tables and charts helps you get a stronghold of the various properties of multiplication.
• By starting with smaller multiplication tables and charts and gradually building up, we get to learn other multiplication tables more easily.
• Learning multiplication tables and charts does not only help in solving multiplication problems. They help in improving the efficiency and speed of doing addition, subtraction and division as well.
• Multiplication tables and charts help in solving real-life applications.
• Perhaps most importantly, memorising multiplication tables and charts will give you confidence in your own skills.

## Key Facts and Summary

1. A multiplication table is a list of multiples of a number.
2. A multiplication chart is a table that shows the products of two numbers.