Understanding Dependent and Independent Variables 6th Grade Math Worksheets

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An equation is a mathematical way of representing the relationship between concepts or items. These concepts or items are represented by what are called variables. Variables can be dependent or independent. 



  • A variable is a quantity that may vary.
  • It is widely used within the context of a mathematical problem or scientific experiment. 
  • Normally, we use a single letter to represent a variable. 
  • The letters x, y, and z are common generic symbols used for variables.


  • These are not affected by another variable. 
  • Independent variables represent the “input” values of a function These are commonly denoted as x
  • They are sometimes called the “argument” of the function.


  • These are influenced by another variable. 
  • Dependent variables represent the “output” value of a function, and are commonly denoted as y
  • They are sometimes called the “value” of the function.


Mrs. Potter is a renowned botanist. She found out that an additional gram of fertilizer results to a 1.25 cm growth of her plant experiment. Look at the plant’s record. 

Amount of fertilizer in gram1234
Plants growth in cm1.252.503.755.00

Independent variable: amount of fertilizer
Dependent variable: plant’s growth

Understanding Dependent and Independent Variables Worksheets

This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Understanding Dependent and Independent Variables across 15+ in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Common core aligned Grade 6 Math worksheets.

Each ready to use worksheet collection includes 10 activities and an answer guide. Not teaching common core standards? Don’t worry! All our worksheets are completely editable so can be tailored for your curriculum and target audience.

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