Home » Math Calculators » Z score calculator

Z score calculator

A Z-score calculator is a tool used to calculate the number of standard deviations between a given data point and the mean of a population. The Z-score is a way of standardizing data so that it can be compared with other data sets.

Enter Information

Enter Information:

Results
Fill the calculator form and click on Calculate button to get result here
Calculation
The formula for calculating the Z-score of a data point is:

Z = (x - μ) / σ

where:

x is the data point
μ is the mean of the population
σ is the standard deviation of the population
The resulting Z-score indicates how many standard deviations away from the mean the data point is. If the Z-score is positive, it means the data point is above the mean; if it's negative, it means the data point is below the mean.
To use a Z-score calculator, you typically input the data point, the mean, and the standard deviation, and the calculator will output the Z-score.

What is Z score?

A Z-score, also known as a standard score, is a statistical measure that indicates how many standard deviations an observation or data point is from the mean of the data set. In other words, a Z-score expresses the distance between a data point and the mean in terms of the standard deviation of the data.

The formula for calculating a Z-score is:

Z = (x – μ) / σ

where:

• x is the value of the observation
• μ is the mean of the data set
• σ is the standard deviation of the data set

A positive Z-score means the data point is above the mean, while a negative Z-score means the data point is below the mean. A Z-score of 0 means the data point is exactly at the mean.

Z-scores are used in statistical analysis and hypothesis testing to assess the significance of data points and to compare data from different data sets. They are also used in quality control to identify data points that are significantly different from the mean, which may indicate a problem or issue with the process being measured.

In summary, Z-scores are a statistical measure that indicates how many standard deviations an observation or data point is from the mean of the data set.

Z Score Formula

Z = (x – μ) / σ

where:

• Z is the Z-score
• x is the value of the observation
• μ is the mean of the data set
• σ is the standard deviation of the data set

Here’s a breakdown of what each variable represents in the formula:

• The numerator (x – μ) is the difference between the value of the observation and the mean of the data set. It measures how far the data point is from the average.
• The denominator (σ) is the standard deviation of the data set, which measures how spread out the data is. It tells you how much the data varies from the mean.
• Dividing the difference by the standard deviation gives you the number of standard deviations that the observation is away from the mean. This is what the Z-score represents.

In summary, the Z-score formula is a way to standardize data by expressing a data point’s distance from the mean in terms of standard deviations.

How to find Z Score?

1. Calculate the mean (μ) and standard deviation (σ) of the data set.
2. Identify the data point (x) for which you want to calculate the Z-score.
3. Plug in the values of x, μ, and σ into the formula: Z = (x – μ) / σ
4. Calculate the result to find the Z-score.

For example, let’s say you have a data set of exam scores for a class with a mean of 75 and a standard deviation of 10. If you want to find the Z-score for a student who scored 85 on the exam, you would use the formula:

Z = (x – μ) / σ Z = (85 – 75) / 10 Z = 1

This means the student’s score of 85 is one standard deviation above the mean. A Z-score of 1 indicates that the student’s score is higher than 84% of the scores in the class, assuming the data is normally distributed.