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## Definition:

**Multiplication** is described as one of the four basic operations of arithmetic that gives result of combining groups of equal sizes or amount. The concept involves different kinds of properties that are appropriate depending on the structure of the multiplication equation given.

**BASIC NUMBER PROPERTIES OF MULTIPLICATION** – The idea behind basic properties are thought to be simple: common sense.

## Summary:

**BASIC NUMBER PROPERTIES OF MULTIPLICATION**

**COMMUTATIVE PROPERTY**– The product of two numbers is not affected by the order in which they are being multiplied. Numbers can be multiplied in any order since the product remains the same.**ASSOCIATIVE PROPERTY**– The product of two numbers is always the same regardless of how you group them. Any change in their grouping does not affect the product.**IDENTITY PROPERTY**– Any number multiplied by one (1) is equal to the number itself.**DISTRIBUTIVE PROPERTY**– Adding two numbers and multiplying it to an outside number is the same as multiplying the outside number to every number inside the parenthesis, then adding their products.

## Example:

**COMMUTATIVE PROPERTY: **3 x 2 = 2 x 3

**ASSOCIATIVE PROPERTY: **(1 x 2) x 3 = 1 x (2 x 3)

**IDENTITY PROPERTY: **2 x 1 = 2 or 1 x 2 = 2

**DISTRIBUTIVE PROPERTY: **3 (4 + 5) = 3 (4) + 3 (5)

## Understanding Basic Number Properties of Multiplication Worksheets

This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Understanding Basic Number Properties of Multiplication across 15+ in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Common core aligned Grade 3 Math worksheets.

Each ready to use worksheet collection includes 10 activities and an answer guide. Not teaching common core standards? Don’t worry! All our worksheets are completely editable so can be tailored for your curriculum and target audience.

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