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Liquid Measurement Chart

Introduction

The liquid volume conversion chart is a chart that compares equivalent values for the volume of liquids in various units of measurement. Liquid volume can be measured using a variety of techniques, which might need to be clarified.

This article lists the typical liquid volume measurement units and their conversions to simplify things.

Liquid Measurement

Definition

The liquid measurement is the volume of liquid that is measured in a vessel’s standard units. It is a system of units of capacity commonly used to measure liquid goods like water, milk, or oil.

For measuring liquids, there are several tools. In the kitchen, measuring pitchers and cups are frequently used to add liquid ingredients in specific amounts. For clinical and scientific applications, laboratories use fluid measurement tools such as beakers, conical flasks, graduated cylinders, and test tubes. These instruments are excellent for precisely measuring liquids when conducting tests with chemicals and other liquid components since they have permanent markings in both metric and conventional units.

Units of Liquid Measurement

The table below shows the different liquid measurements in US customary, metric and UK imperial units.

Units of Liquid Measurement

US Customary UnitsMetric UnitsUK Imperial Units
fluid ounce ( fl oz )
ounce ( oz )
cup ( c )
pint ( pt )
quart ( qt )
liquid gallon ( gal )
milliliter ( mL )
centiliter ( cL )
liter ( L )
kiloliter ( kL )
fluid ounce ( fl oz )
ounce ( oz )
cup ( c )
pint ( pt )
quart ( qt )
liquid gallon ( gal )

US Customary vs UK Imperial System Liquid Measurement

There are several significant variations in how liquid volume is measured in multiple countries. The details provided here will highlight some key distinctions in calculating fluid volume in the US and the UK.

Liquid MeasurementUS Customary SystemUK Imperial System
fluid ounce1 fluid ounce = 28.573 milliliters1 fluid ounce = 28.413 milliliters
pint1 pint = 473.176 milliliters1 pint  = 568.261 milliliters
quart1 quart = 0.94 liters1 quart = 1.13 liters
gallon1 gallon = 3.78 liters1 gallon = 4.54 liters

Liquid Measurement Charts 

Liquid Measurement US Customary System Conversion Chart

Standard to Metric System Liquid Conversion Charts

Liquid Conversion ( US Customary System )

Using the table below, you can convert between various liquid volume units in US Customary units

Liquid Volume US Customary System Conversion

1 tablespoon = 3 teaspoons1 tbsp = 3 tsp
1 fluid ounce = 2 tablespoons1 fl oz = 2 tbsp
1 cup = 8 fluid ounces1 c = 8 fl oz
1 pint = 2 cups1 pt = 2 cups
1 pint = 16 fluid ounces1 pt = 16 fl oz
1 quart = 2 pints1 qt = 2 pints
1 gallon = 4 quarts1 gal = 4 qt
1 gallon = 128 fluid ounces1 gal = 128 fl oz

The table above shows 1 gallon = 4 quarts = 8 pints = 16 cups = 128 fluid ounces.

Standard to Metric System Liquid Conversion

Precise Conversion

This table displays the liquid conversion from the US Standard to the Metric system, along with abbreviations.

Standard to Metric System Liquid Conversion 

1 tablespoon = 14.78677 milliliters1 tbsp = 14.78677 mL
1 fluid ounce = 29.57353 milliliters1 fl oz = 29.57353 mL
1 cup = 236.58824 milliliters1 c = 236.58824 mL
1 pint = 473.17648 milliliters1 pt = 473.17648 mL
1 quart = 946.35296 milliliters1 qt = 946.35296 mL
1 gallon = 3.7854 liters1 gal = 3.7854 L

Approximate Conversion

The approximate conversion and abbreviations of US Standard Units to Metric System liquid measurement are shown in the table below.

Standard to Metric System Liquid Conversion 

1 tablespoon = 14.78677 milliliters1 tbsp ≈ 15 mL
1 fluid ounce = 29.57353 milliliters1 fl oz ≈ 30 mL
1 cup = 236.58824 milliliters1 c ≈ 237 mL
1 pint = 473.17648 milliliters1 pt ≈ 473 mL
1 quart = 946.35296 milliliters1 qt ≈ 946 mL
1 gallon = 3.7854 liters1 gal ≈ 3.8 L

Metric to Standard System Liquid Conversion

Precise Conversion

This table displays the liquid conversion from the Metric System to US Standard, along with abbreviations.

Metric to Standard System Liquid Conversion 

1 milliliter  = 0.033814 fluid ounces1 mL  = 0.033814 fl oz
1 centiliter = 0.33814 fluid ounces1 cL = 0.33814 fl oz
1 liter = 33.814022 fluid ounces1 L = 33.814022 fl oz
1 liter = 2.113376 pints1 L = 2.113376 pt

Approximate Conversion

The approximate conversion and abbreviations of the Metric System to US Standard liquid measurement are shown in the table below.

Metric to Standard System Liquid Conversion 

1 milliliter  = 0.034 fluid ounces1 mL  ≈ 0.034 fl oz
1 centiliter = 0.34 fluid ounces1 cL ≈ 0.34 fl oz
1 liter = 33.8 fluid ounces1 L ≈ 33.8 fl oz
1 liter = 2.11 pints1 L ≈ 2.11 pt

Liquid Conversion ( UK Imperial System)

Using the table below, you can convert between various liquid volume units in UK Imperial units.

Liquid Volume UK Imperial System

1 fluid ounce = 8 fluid drams1 fl oz = 8 fl dr
1 gill = 5 fluid ounces1 gi = 5 fl oz
1 cup = 10 fluid ounces1 c = 10 fl oz
1 pint = 4 gills1 pt = 4 gi
1 pint = 20 fluid ounces1 pt = 20 fl oz
1 quart = 2 pints1 qt = 2 pt
1 gallon = 4 quarts1 gal = 4 qt
1 gallon = 8 pints1 gal = 8 pt

The table above shows 1 gallon = 4 quarts = 8 pints = 16 cups = 160 fluid ounces.

UK Imperial to Metric System Liquid Conversion

Precise Conversion

This table displays the liquid conversion from the UK Imperial to the Metric systems and abbreviations.

UK Imperial to Metric System Liquid Conversion 

1 fluid ounce = 28.41307 milliliter1 fl oz = 28.41307 mL
1 gill = 142.07 milliliters1 gi = 142.07 mL
1 cup = 284.1307 milliliters1 c = 284.1307 mL
1 pint = 568.2615 milliliters1 pt = 568.2615 mL
1 pint = 0.56826 liters1 pt = 0.56826 L
1 quart = 1136.523 milliliters1 qt = 1136.523 mL
1 gallon = 4546.09 milliliters1 gal = 4546.09 mL
1 gallon = 4.54609 liters1 gal = 4.54609 L

Approximate Conversion

The approximate conversion and abbreviations of UK Imperial to Metric System liquid measurement are shown in the table below.

UK Imperial to Metric System Liquid Conversion 

1 fluid ounce = 28.4 milliliters1 fl oz ≈ 28.4 mL
1 gill = 142 milliliters1 gi ≈ 142 mL
1 cup = 284 milliliters1 c ≈ 284 mL
1 pint = 568 milliliters1 pt ≈ 568 mL
1 pint = 0.57 liters1 pt ≈ 0.57 L
1 quart = 1136 milliliters1 qt ≈ 1136 mL
1 gallon = 4546 milliliters1 gal ≈ 4546 mL
1 gallon = 4.546 liters1 gal ≈ 4.546 L

Metric to UK Imperial System Liquid Conversion

Precise Conversion

This table displays the liquid conversion from the Metric System to the UK Imperial System, along with abbreviations.

Metric to UK Imperial System Liquid Conversion 

1 milliliter = 0.035195 fluid ounces1 mL = 0.035195 fl oz
1 centiliter = 0.35195 fluid ounces1 cL = 0.35195 fl oz
1 liter = 35.1950 fluid ounces1 L = 35.1950 fl oz
1 liter = 1.75975 pints1 L = 1.75975 pt
1 kiloliter = 219.96916 gallons1 kL = 219.96916 gal

Approximate Conversion

The approximate conversion and abbreviations of the Metric System to UK Imperial liquid measurement are shown in the table below.

Metric to UK Imperial System Liquid Conversion 

1 milliliter = 0.035 fluid ounces1 mL ≈ 0.035 fl oz
1 centiliter = 0.35 fluid ounces1 cL ≈ 0.35 fl oz
1 liter = 35.2 fluid ounces1 L ≈ 35.2 fl oz
1 liter = 1.76 pints1 L ≈ 1.76 pt
1 kiloliter = 220 gallons1 kL ≈ 220 gal

Solved Examples

Example 1 

Answer each item below by converting units within US Customary System.

( a ) 2 gallons = ____ quarts
( b ) 24 quarts = ____ pints 
( c ) 60 pints = ____ cups

Solution

( a ) 2 gallons = ____ pints

From the liquid measurement chart, we know that 1 gallon = 4 quarts; hence, we have,

2 gallons = ( 2 ) ( 4 ) quarts
2 gallons = 8 quarts

Therefore, 2 gallons is equal to 8 quarts or 2 gal = 8 qt.

( b ) 24 quarts = ____ pints 

Since 1 quart = 2 pints, we have,

24 quarts = ( 24 ) ( 2 ) pints 
24 quarts = 48 pints 

Hence, 24 quarts is equal to 48 pints or 24 qt = 48 pt.

( c ) 60 pints = ____ cups

Since we know that 1 pint = 2 cups, we have the solution,

60 pints = ( 60 ) ( 2 ) cups
60 pints = 120 cups

Therefore, 60 pints equals 120 cups or 60 pt = 120 c.

Example 2

Answer each item below by converting units within US Customary System.

( a ) 50 cups = ____ pints
( b ) 100 quarts = ____ gallon 
( c ) 200 fluid ounces = ____ cups

Solution

( a ) 50 cups = ____ pints

Since we know that 1 pint = 2 cups, we must divide 50 by 2, hence we have,

50 cups =  ( 50 ÷ 2 ) pints
50 cups = 25 pints

Therefore, 50 cups equal 25 pints or 50 c = 25 pt.

( b ) 100 quarts = ____ gallon 

Since we know that 1 gallon = 4 quarts, we must divide 100 by 4. Hence we have,

100 quarts =  ( 100 ÷ 4 ) gallon
100 quarts = 25 gallons

Therefore, 100 quarts equals 25 gallons or 100 qt = 25 gal.

( c ) 300 fluid ounces = ____ cups

Since we know that 1 cup = 8 fluid ounces, we must divide 300 by 8, hence we have,

300 fluid ounces =  ( 300 ÷ 8 ) cups
300 fluid ounces = 37.5 cups

Therefore, 300 fluid ounces equals 37.5 cups or 300 fl oz = 37.5 cups.

 Example 3

Gavin brought 12 quarts of ice cream to a party. How many pints of ice cream did he bring?

Solution

Using the liquid measurement chart, we know that 1 quart equals 2 pints; hence, to calculate 12 quarts to pints, we must multiply 12 by 2. So, we have the solution,

12 quarts = ( 12 ) ( 2 ) pints
12 quarts = 24 pints

Therefore, Gavin brought 24 pints of ice cream to the party.

Example 4

Convert the following standard units to the metric unit system.

( a ) 3 gallons = ____ liters
( b ) 20 quarts = ___ milliliters
( c ) 10 pints = ____ milliliters
( d ) 100 cups = ____ milliliters

Solution

( a ) 3 gallons = ____ liters

Since 1 gal ≈ 3.8 L, we must multiply 3 by 3.8; hence we have,

3 gallons ≈ ( 3 ) ( 3.8 ) liters
3 gallons ≈ 11.4 liters
Therefore, 3 gal = 11.4 L. 

( b ) 20 quarts = ___ milliliters

Since 1 qt = 946.35296 mL, we must multiply 20 by 946.35296; hence we have,

20 quarts = ( 20 ) ( 946.35296 ) milliliters
20 quarts = 18927.0592 milliliters
Therefore, 20 quarts = 18927.0592 milliliters.

( c ) 10 pints = ____ milliliters

Since 1 pt = 473.17648 mL, we must multiply 10 by 473.17648; hence we have,

10 pints = ( 10 ) ( 473.17648  ) milliliters
10 pints = 4731.7648 milliliters
Therefore, 10 pt = 4731.7648 mL.

( d ) 100 cups = ____ milliliters

Since 1 cup = 236.58824 milliliters, we must multiply 100 by 236.58824; hence we have,

100 cups = ( 100 ) ( 236.58824  ) milliliters
100 cups = 23658.824 milliliters
Therefore, 100 c = 23658.824 mL.

Summary

The liquid measurement is the volume of liquid that is measured in a vessel’s standard units. It is a system of units of capacity commonly used to measure liquid goods like water, milk, or oil.

In the kitchen, measuring pitchers and cups are routinely used to add liquid components in precise proportions. For clinical and scientific uses, laboratories use instruments for measuring liquids, such as beakers, graduated cylinders, test tubes, and conical flasks.

The table below shows the different units of liquid measurement.

Units of Liquid Measurement

US Customary UnitsMetric UnitsUK Imperial Units
fluid ounce ( fl oz )
ounce ( oz )
cup ( c )
pint ( pt )
quart ( qt )
liquid gallon ( gal )
milliliter ( mL )
centiliter ( cL )
liter ( L )
kiloliter ( kL )
fluid ounce ( fl oz )
ounce ( oz )
cup ( c )
pint ( pt )
quart ( qt )
liquid gallon ( gal )

This table shows the difference between the US Customary System and the UK Imperia System in terms of liquid measurement.

Liquid MeasurementUS Customary SystemUK Imperial System
fluid ounce1 fluid ounce = 28.573 milliliters1 fluid ounce = 28.413 milliliters
pint1 pint = 473.176 milliliters1 pint  = 568.261 milliliters
quart1 quart = 0.94 liters1 quart = 1.13 liters
gallon1 gallon = 3.78 liters1 gallon = 4.54 liters

We can use the tables below when converting US Customary units to metric liquid measurement units.

Precise Conversion

Standard to Metric System Liquid Conversion 

1 tablespoon = 14.78677 milliliters1 tbsp = 14.78677 mL
1 fluid ounce = 29.57353 milliliters1 fl oz = 29.57353 mL
1 cup = 236.58824 milliliters1 c = 236.58824 mL
1 pint = 473.17648 milliliters1 pt = 473.17648 mL
1 quart = 946.35296 milliliters1 qt = 946.35296 mL
1 gallon = 3.7854 liters1 gal = 3.7854 L

Approximate Conversion

Standard to Metric System Liquid Conversion 

1 tablespoon = 14.78677 milliliters1 tbsp ≈ 15 mL
1 fluid ounce = 29.57353 milliliters1 fl oz ≈ 30 mL
1 cup = 236.58824 milliliters1 c ≈ 237 mL
1 pint = 473.17648 milliliters1 pt ≈ 473 mL
1 quart = 946.35296 milliliters1 qt ≈ 946 mL
1 gallon = 3.7854 liters1 gal ≈ 3.8 L

Frequently Asked Questions on Liquid Measurement Chart ( FAQs )

What is liquid measurement?

The liquid measurement is the volume of liquid that is measured in a vessel’s standard units. It is a system of units of capacity commonly used to measure liquid goods like water, milk, or oil.

What is the difference between the US Customary System and the UK Imperial System on liquid measurement?

There are several significant differences in how liquid volume is calculated across various countries. The information presented here will show some of the significant differences between the units used in the US and the UK to determine liquid volume.

Fluid Ounce

A fluid ounce is equal to 28.573 milliliters in the US customary system and 28.413 milliliters in the UK imperial system.

Pint

A pint is equal to 473.176 milliliters in the US customary system and 568.261 milliliters in the UK imperial system.

Quart

A quart is equal to 0.94 liters in the US customary system and 1.13 liters in the UK imperial system.

Gallon

A gallon is equal to 3.78 liters in the US customary system and 4.54 liters in the UK imperial system.

Liquid MeasurementUS Customary SystemUK Imperial System
fluid ounce1 fluid ounce = 28.573 milliliters1 fluid ounce = 28.413 milliliters
pint1 pint = 473.176 milliliters1 pint  = 568.261 milliliters
quart1 quart = 0.94 liters1 quart = 1.13 liters
gallon1 gallon = 3.78 liters1 gallon = 4.54 liters

What are the units to measure liquids?

The table below shows the different liquid measurements in US customary, Metric, and UK imperial units.

Units of Liquid Measurement

US Customary UnitsMetric UnitsUK Imperial Units
fluid ounce ( fl oz )
ounce ( oz )
cup ( c )
pint ( pt )
quart ( qt )
liquid gallon ( gal )
milliliter ( mL )
centiliter ( cL )
liter ( L )
kiloliter ( kL )
fluid ounce ( fl oz )
ounce ( oz )
cup ( c )
pint ( pt )
quart ( qt )
liquid gallon ( gal )

How to convert US Customary Units to Metric Units for liquid measurements?

We may refer to the charts below to convert standard to metric system liquid conversion. The charts below show the precise and approximate value to use when converting.

Precise Conversion

Standard to Metric System Liquid Conversion 

1 tablespoon = 14.78677 milliliters1 tbsp = 14.78677 mL
1 fluid ounce = 29.57353 milliliters1 fl oz = 29.57353 mL
1 cup = 236.58824 milliliters1 c = 236.58824 mL
1 pint = 473.17648 milliliters1 pt = 473.17648 mL
1 quart = 946.35296 milliliters1 qt = 946.35296 mL
1 gallon = 3.7854 liters1 gal = 3.7854 L

Approximate Conversion

Standard to Metric System Liquid Conversion 

1 tablespoon = 14.78677 milliliters1 tbsp ≈ 15 mL
1 fluid ounce = 29.57353 milliliters1 fl oz ≈ 30 mL
1 cup = 236.58824 milliliters1 c ≈ 237 mL
1 pint = 473.17648 milliliters1 pt ≈ 473 mL
1 quart = 946.35296 milliliters1 qt ≈ 946 mL
1 gallon = 3.7854 liters1 gal ≈ 3.8 L

Let us say, for example, we want to convert 20 quarts to milliliters.

Since 1 qt = 946.35296 mL, we must multiply 20 by 946.35296. Hence we have,

20 quarts = ( 20 ) ( 946.35296 ) milliliters
20 quarts = 18927.0592 milliliters
Therefore, 20 quarts = 18927.0592 milliliters.

As for another example, say we want to convert 3 gallons to liters

Since 1 gal ≈ 3.8 L, we must multiply 3 by 3.8; hence we have,

3 gallons ≈ ( 3 ) ( 3.8 ) liters
3 gallons ≈ 11.4 liters
Therefore, 3 gal = 11.4 L.

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