Addition and Subtraction Worksheet with Cuisenaire Rods

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Follow these steps as shown in the example below:

  1. Read the question and look at the “sandwich”.
  2. Color in the missing rod and write its number to complete the “sandwich”.
  3. Read the question again and fill in the missing numbers to complete the equation.
white (1) cuisenaire rod 1

red (2) cuisenaire rod 2

light green (3) cuisenaire rod 3

magenta (4) cuisenaire rod 4

yellow (5) cuisenaire rod 5

dark green (6) cuisenaire rod 6

black (7) cuisenaire rod 7

brown (8) cuisenaire rod 8

blue (9) cuisenaire rod 9

orange (10) cuisenaire rod 10

What number added to 6 makes 9?

blue (9) cuisenaire rod

9
dark green (6) cuisenaire rod

6
example of colored rod
blue (9) cuisenaire rod

9

3 + 6 = 9

What number added to 4 makes 8?

brown (8) cuisenaire rod

8
magenta (4) cuisenaire rod

4
brown (8) cuisenaire rod

8

8 = 4 + 4

What is the difference between 10 and 6?

orange (10) cuisenaire rod

10
dark green (6) cuisenaire rod

6
orange (10) cuisenaire rod

10

4 = 10 – 6

What do you have to add to 5 to make 9?

blue (9) cuisenaire rod

9
yellow (5) cuisenaire rod

5
blue (9) cuisenaire rod

9

5 + 4 = 9

What do you subtract from 6 to leave 2?

dark green (6) cuisenaire rod

6
red (2) cuisenaire rod

2
dark green (6) cuisenaire rod

6

2 = 6 – 4

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What number plus 6 makes 10?

orange (10) cuisenaire rod

10
dark green (6) cuisenaire rod

6
orange (10) cuisenaire rod

10

10 = 4 + 6

What is 8 subtract 4?

brown (8) cuisenaire rod

8
purple (4) cuisenaire rod

4
brown (8) cuisenaire rod

8

8 – 4 = 4

What is the difference between 7 and 9?

blue (9) cuisenaire rod

9
black (7) cuisenaire rod

7
blue (9) cuisenaire rod

9

9 – 7 = 2

What number added to 1 makes 6?

dark green (6) cuisenaire rod

6
white (1) cuisenaire rod

1
dark green (6) cuisenaire rod

6

6 = 1 + 5

What number plus 7 makes 8?

brown (8) cuisenaire rod

8
black (7) cuisenaire rod

7
brown (8) cuisenaire rod

8

8 = 1 + 7

What do you have to take away from 10 to get 3?

orange (10) cuisenaire rod

10
light green (3) cuisenaire rod

3
orange (10) cuisenaire rod

10

3 = 10 – 7

9 subtract what leaves 4 ?

blue (9) cuisenaire rod

9
purple (4) cuisenaire rod

4
blue (9) cuisenaire rod

9

9 – 5 = 4

What number plus 2 makes 7?

black (7) cuisenaire rod

7
red (2) cuisenaire rod

2
black (7) cuisenaire rod

7

5 + 2 = 7

There is a similar Cuisenaire Sandwich Worksheet here.

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Related Resources

The various resources listed below are aligned to the same standard, (1OA06) taken from the CCSM (Common Core Standards For Mathematics) as the Addition and subtraction Worksheet shown above.

Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10. Use strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g., 8 + 6 = 8 + 2 + 4 = 10 + 4 = 14); decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g., 13 – 4 = 13 – 3 – 1 = 10 – 1 = 9); using the relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g., knowing that 8 + 4 = 12, one knows 12 – 8 = 4); and creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g., adding 6 + 7 by creating the known equivalent 6 + 6 + 1 = 12 + 1 = 13).

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